Slovenský ľudový umelecký kolektív

Fujara - the Musical Instrument and its Music


Inscription: 2010

Proposal by: Community of Traditional Music Pro Musica

Number of certificate: KCTLK-RZNKD-2010/001

Definition of element

Fujara is an exceptionally long pipe with three touch holes which is typical of Slovakia, specifi cally central Slovakia. Fujara was included in the List of Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2005 (Today’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity). The sources about the history of ‘fujara’ consist predominantly of written evidence. The oldest use of the word ‘fujara’ which could be considered as the fi rst reference to ‘fujara’ as it is known today, is to be found in Bruk’s manuscript miscellany dating from the 1780s. From the beginning of the 19th century the word ‘fujara’ began to be used more frequently as an unambiguous term for naming the present-day’s instrument . ‘Fujara’ has a more specific musical repertoire than any other musical instrument. This is due to its role in the life of shepherds, its relation to the shepherds’ and highwaymen’s element, the musical and technical properties of the instrument, as well as due to its onomatopoeic use of tones in high positions. Every single musical instrument is the reflection of the unique properties of its maker and performer.

The element was included to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity - UNESCO

Inscribed in: 2005

Certificate UNESCO: